A link to AR 600-25 can be found here.
1) What does AR 600-25 Cover?
A: Military Customs and Courtesies but the Official Title is “Salutes, Honors and Visits of Courtesy”
2) When will personnel Salute indoors?
A: when reporting to your commander, when reporting to a pay officer, when reporting to a military board, at an indoor ceremony, at sentry duty indoors
3) What are the Six situations when Salutes not required to be rendered or returned when the senior or subordinate?
A: (1) In civilian attire.
(2) Engaged in routine work if the salute would interfere.
(3) Carrying articles with both hands so occupied as to make saluting impracticable.
(4) Working as a member of a detail, or engaged in sports or social functions where saluting would present a safety hazard.
(5) In public places such as theaters, churches, and in public conveyances.
(6) In the ranks of a formation
4) What Courtesy must be performed on Independence day?
A: a salute to the Union (50 guns) will be fired at 1200 hours on Independence Day at all Army installations
5) What Courtesy must be performed on Memorial day?
A: at 1200 hours the national salute (21 guns) will be fired at all installations
6) When must the Army Song be played?
A: The Army song concludes all reviews, parades and honor guard ceremonies
7) What is the origin of the hand salute?
A: The origin of the Hand Salute is uncertain. Some historians believe it began in late Roman times when assassinations were common. A citizen who wanted to see a public official had to approach with his right hand raised to show that he did not hold a weapon. Knights in armor raised visors with the right hand when meeting a comrade. This practice gradually became a way of showing respect and,in early American history, sometimes involved removing the hat. By 1820, the motion was modified to touching the hat, and since then it has become the Hand Salute used today.
8) When would enlisted members salute each other?
A: reporting to an enlisted president of a board and when reporting in formation
9) How far away should you be before rendering the hand salute to an Officer?
A: Approximately 6 paces
10) Who should salute an Officer in a group of soldiers not in formation?
A: The first person to see the officer should call the group to attention and everyone should salute
11) On what side do you walk when walking with a person senior to you?
A: on the senior person’s left
12) What songs correspond to the raising and lowering of the flag?
A: Reveille for the raising and Retreat and To The Color for the lowering (salute only during To The Color)