A link to ADP 3-0 can be found here.
1) What are unified land operations?
A: describes how the Army seizes, retains, and exploits the initiative to gain and maintain a position of relative advantage in sustained land operations through simultaneous offensive, defensive, and stability operations in order to prevent or deter conflict, prevail in war, and create the conditions for favorable conflict resolution
2) What is Army Doctrine?
A: a body of thought on how Army forces operate as an integral part of a joint force
3) What are the eight operational variables?
A: Political, economic, military, social, physical environment, infrastructure, information, time
*HINT* Remember PEMSPIIT
4) What are the six mission variables?
A: Mission, Enemy, Time, Terrain, Troops, Civil considerations
*HINT* Remember METT-TC
5) What are the two most challenging potential enemy threats the U.S. faces?
A: A Nonstate Entity and a Nuclear-Capable Nation-State partnered with one or more Nonstate Actors
6) What are the two Army Core Competencies?
A: Combined arms maneuver and wide area security
7) What is combined arms maneuver?
A: the application of the elements of combat power in unified action to defeat enemy ground forces; to seize, occupy, and defend land areas; and to achieve physical, temporal, and psychological advantages over the enemy to seize and exploit the initiative
8) What is wide area security?
A: the application of the elements of combat power in unified action to protect populations, forces, infrastructure, and activities; to deny the enemy positions of advantage; and to consolidate gains in order to retain the initiative
9) What is mission command?
A: the exercise of authority and direction by the commander using mission orders to conduct unified land operations
10) What is the foundation of unified land operations built on?
A: Initiative, decisive action, and mission command
*HINT* Remember MID
11) What is seizing the initiative?
A: Setting and dictating the terms of action
12) What are stability operations?
A: Military missions, tasks, and activities conducted outside the United States to maintain or reestablish a safe and secure environment and to provide essential governmental services, emergency infrastructure reconstruction, and humanitarian relief
13) What is an operation?
A: A military action, consisting of two of more related tactical actions, designed to achieve a Strategic Objective, in whole or in part
14) What is a tactical action?
A: A battle or engagement, employing lethal or nonlethal actions, designed for a specific purpose relative to the Enemy, the Terrain, Friendly Forces, or other entity
15) What are the characteristics of an Army operation?
A: Flexibility, integration, lethality, adaptability, depth, synchronization
*HINT* Remember F-DIALS
16) What are troop leading procedures (TLPs)?
A: A dynamic process used by Small-Unit Leaders to analyze a Mission, Develop a Plan, and Prepare for an Operation
17) What are the TLPs?
A: Receive the mission, issue the warning order, make a tentative plan, initiate movement, conduct reconnaissance, complete the plan, issue the warning order, supervise and refine
*HINT* Remember RIMICCIS (Rim E See Sis)
18) What is the warfighting function?
A: a group of tasks and systems united by a common purpose that commanders use to accomplish missions
19) What are the warfighting functions?
A: Mission Command, Movement and maneuver, Intelligence, Fires, Sustainment, Protection
20) What are decisive operations?
A: Operations that lead directly to the accomplishment of a commander’s purpose
21) What are shaping operations?
A: Operations that create and preserve conditions for the success of the decisive operation
22) What are sustainment operations?
A: Operations which enable the decisive operation or shaping operation by generating and maintaining combat power
23) What is operational art?
A: the pursuit of strategic objectives, in whole or in part, through the arrangement of tactical actions in time, space, and purpose
24) What is the main effort?
A: the designated subordinate unit whose mission at a given point in time is most critical to overall mission success
25) What is the supporting effort?
A: designated subordinate units with missions that support the success of the main effort