ADP 3-90 Offense and Defense


A link to ADP 3-90 can be found here.

1) What are TTPs?

A: Tactics, techniques, and procedures

2) What is METT-TC and what does it stand for?

A: The six mission variables; mission, enemy, time, terrain (weather), troops and civil considerations

3) What is a hasty operation?

A: an Operation in which a Commander Directs Immediately Available Forces, using Fragmentary Orders, to Perform Activities with Minimal Preparation, Trading Planning and Preparation Time for Speed of Execution

4) What is a deliberate operation?

A: an Operation in which the Tactical Situation allows the Development and Coordination of Detailed Plans, including Multiple Branches and Sequels

5) What are actions on contact?

A: a Series of Combat Actions taken on contact with the Enemy to develop the situation

6) What are the eight operational variables?

A: 1. Political 2. Military 3. Economic 4. Social 5. Information 6. Infrastructure 7. Physical Environment 8. Time


7) What are the Army’s tactical echelons?

A: the Fire Team or Crew, through the Squad, Section, Platoon, Company, Battalion, Brigade, and Division

8) What is the purpose of the offense?

A: to defeat, destroy, or neutralize the enemy force and to secure decisive terrain, to deprive the enemy of resources, gain information, to deceive and divert the enemy, to hold the enemy in position, to disrupt his attack, and to set the conditions for the success of future operations

9) What are the characteristics of the offense?

A: Surprise, concentration, audacity, tempo

*HINT* Remember SCAT

10) What are the four primary offensive tasks?

A: Movement to contact, exploit, attack, and pursuit

11) What is movement to contact?

A: offensive task designed to develop the situation and to establish or regain contact

12) What is pursuit?

A: offensive task designed to catch or cut-off a hostile force with the aim of destroying it

13) What is exploitation?

A: offensive task, usually following a successful attack, designed to disrupt the enemy in depth

14) What is attack?

A: offensive task that destroys or defeats enemy forces and/or seizes/secures terrain

15) What are some examples of attack?

A: ambush, counterattack, demonstration, spoiling attack, feint, and raid

*HINT* Remember DFRACS (Similar to DiFac)

16) What are the forms of maneuver?

A: Envelopment, Flank Attack, Frontal Attack, Infiltration, Penetration, and Turning Movement


17) What is maneuver?

A: employment of forces through movement and fires to achieve a position of superiority over the enemy

18) What are the characteristics of the defense?

A: Preparation, security, disruption, massing effects, flexibility

*HINT* Remember PSDMF (Pissed Mother F–ker)

19) What are the four activities of the operations process?

A: Plan, prepare, execute, assess

20) What are the three basic defensive tasks?

A: Area defense, mobile defense, retrograde

21) What is area defense?

A: defensive task which concentrates on denying the enemy access to terrain for a specific time

22) What is mobile defense?

A: defensive task which concentrates on destruction or defeat of the enemy through an attack by a striking force

23) What is retrograde?

A: defensive task which is an organized movement away from the enemy

24) What are the three forms of retrograde?

A: Delay, retirement, and withdrawal

25) What is delay?

A: Delaying trades space for time by slowing down the enemy’s momentum and inflicting damage without becoming decisively engaged

26) What is retirement?

A: a force out of contact moves away from the enemy

27) What is withdrawal?

A: a planned operation which a force in contact disengages from an enemy force and moves in a direction away from the enemy

%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close