TC 3-22.9 Rifle and Carbine/FM 3-22.9 Rifle Marksmanship M4/M16

A link TC 3-22.9 can be found here.

1) What TC covers rifle marksmanship for the M4/M16 series of rifles?

A: TC 3-22.9

2) What does PMI stand for?

A: Preliminary Marksmanship Instruction

3) What are the five phases of rifle marksmanship training/basic rifle marksmanship (BRM)?

A: 1. Preliminary Marksmanship Instruction (PMI)

2. Downrange feedback range firing

3. Field firing

4. Advanced Rifle Marksmanship (ARM)

5. Advanced optics, lasers, and iron sights

*HINT* Remember the acronym PDFAA

4) What is zeroing?

A: Zeroing aligns the sight of the weapon with the weapon’s barrel

5) What is the objective of grouping?

A: firing tight shot groups and placing those groups in the same location

6) What does LMTS stand for?

A: Laser Marksmanship Training System

7) What does EST 2000 stand for?

A: Engagement Skills Trainer 2000

8) What are the purposes of the LMTS and EST 2000?

A: Remedial training for firers and/or to reduce initial grouping and zeroing times

9) What does LFX stand for?

A: Live fire exercise

10) Describe the M16/M4?

A: The M4/M16 is a magazine fed, gas operated, air cooled, shoulder-fired 5.56 millimeter rifle

11) What is the weight of an M4 with a 30 round magazine?

A: 7.5 Lbs

12) What is the maximum range of an M4/M16?

A: 3600 meters (m)

13) What is the maximum effective range of an M4?

A: Point target – 500 meters (m), Area target – 600 meters (m)

14) What is the muzzle velocity of an M4? M16?

A: M4 – 2,970 feet per second (fps), M16 – 3,100 feet per second (fps)

15) What does ACOG stand for?

A: Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight

16) What is the BUIS and what is its purpose?

A: Back Up Iron Sights – to continue the mission should the primary optic fail

17) What is a stoppage?

A: A failure of a weapon to complete its cycle of operation

18) What is Immediate Action?

A: A quick procedure performed to attempt to clear a stoppage without determining the actual cause

19) What is Immediate Action for the M4/M16?


20) What does the acronym SPORTS stand for?

A: Slap, pull, observe, release, tap, squeeze

21) Describe the immediate action SPORTS.

A: 1. Slap gently upward on the magazine to ensure that it is fully seated and that the magazine follower is not jammed

2. Pull the charging handle fully to the rear

3. Observe the ejection of a live round or expended cartridge

4. Release the charging handle; do not ride it forward

5. Tap the forward assist assembly to ensure that the bolt is closed

6. Squeeze the trigger and try to fire the rifle

22) What is remedial action?

A: Remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause of a stoppage or malfunction and attempt to clear the stoppage once it has been identified

23) What are the steps to perform Remedial Action on an M4/M16?

A: 1. Try to place the weapon on SAFE.

2. Remove the magazine.

3. Lock the bolt to the rear.

4. Place the weapon on SAFE.

24) What are the different types of common malfunctions for an M4/M16?

A: Failure to feed, fire, extract, or eject

25) What are the eight cycles of function for an M4/M16?

A: 1. Feeding

2. Chambering

3. Locking

4. Firing

5. Unlocking

6. Extracting

7. Ejecting

8. Cocking

26) What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship/firing?

A: 1. Steady Position

2. Proper Breathing

3. Trigger Squeeze

4. Proper Sight Picture

27) What are the three modes of fire for the M4/M16?

A: Semiautomatic, Automatic, Burst

28) What is the circle size for a Soldier to qualify a good grouping?

A: 4 centimeters (cm)

29) What are the three categories of ballistics in the study of rifles?

A: Internal, external, and terminal

30) What does MOA stand for and what is it?

A: Minute of Angle – standard unit of measurement used in adjusting a weapon’s sights or other ballistic measurements

31) On a mechanical qualification range, what are the classification standards?

A: Marksman (23-29), Sharpshooter (30-35), Expert (36-40)

32) What does CCO stand for?

A: Close combat optic, in reference to the Aimpoint M68 CCO

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